In the course of immigration, the causes of it are not so important, on the contrary to the effects we have today because of it.

Effects of Immigration

The host country benefits in many ways from immigration. The earnings brought by the immigrants boost the economy by increasing production. They also pay taxes which raises the nation’s income and the disposable amount of money used for economic development. Investments made by the foreigners also boost the economy by providing jobs to the people and also render income to the country.

Immigrants also fill the job vacancies in the host country and curb the skill gaps in it. Although this is beneficial to the country, it may cause lack of employment to the citizens of the country. These improved skills enhance the provision of better services to the country.

There is also an influx of innovation in the host country because there are a variety of competencies from people with diverse origins. These skills can be combined to advance the productivity of the employees in the countries.

The host countries benefit from a rise in its value of revenues. This is enhanced by the taxes paid by the immigrants either directly or by purchasing goods and services whose prices are inclusive of tax liability. Companies owned by immigrants also pay co-operate tax which adds up to the country’s revenue.

Immigrants benefit from migration by achieving a better quality of life. They also learn new things by interacting with people of diverse cultures. Those who migrate to further their education gain from the high quality of knowledge and skills obtained during their training process. Immigrants also get an opportunity to break the monotony of staying in their home country.

The origin country of immigrants reaps some benefits from their citizens residing in other nations. Its citizens who work in other countries sent part of their income to their relatives and family members living in their countries of origin. The investors also send a portion of their profits to their mother land. These revenues contribute to the economic development of the nation because they are used for expenditure by the government and citizens.

Immigration helps to reduce unemployment in the origin country. This is because the number of people struggling to get jobs decline when some go to other countries to look for job opportunities. This helps to improve the economic condition of the country because a high level of unemployment is an indicator of underdevelopment.

When immigrants decide to go back to their home country, the government benefits a lot from the savings which the immigrants had accumulated for the entire period they were abroad. The skills gained in the foreign country are also used to improve productivity in their mother land.

Adverse effects

Immigration may have negative consequences to the host country, home nation, and the immigrants individually. Some of the disadvantages are discussed below.

Immigration leads to increase in the population of the host country. This increases the pressure on public services which can only be provided by the government. The large population also increases the amount of money the government uses to provide public goods and services like security.

Immigration can also lead to unemployment of the local citizens. This happens in the cases where the rate of migration is not restricted. The foreigners with better skills may be considered for employment opportunities leaving the residents with lower skills without jobs. This may negatively affect the living standards of the citizens of the host country.

The host country may experience an increase in crimes and illegal businesses if there is no proper regulation of the migration processes. This is because it may be difficult for the authorities to detect people coming into the country with evil intentions. Human trafficking may also become a business if the people entering the country are not regulated.

The country of origin of immigrants also faces some consequences of immigration. When the young generation moves to reside in other countries, the nation loses people to work for it in the future days when the old workers retire from their job. The government also loses the highly skilled professionals who could otherwise have contributed to the development of the country. This prevents the country from developing especially in the quality of services provided in the health sector. This may force the country to import skilled human resources which is an additional cost to the government.

Children left behind by parents who migrate to other countries face social problems. .This may negatively affect their lives because they do not get the parental care they deserve. Immigrants may also face challenges familiarizing with the cultures and the people of the countries into which they migrate.